Signs of Foundation problems and How to fix them
Clearly, a good house foundation is essential. Without a sturdy foundation, a variety of structural issues could plague your home and cost you a bundle of money to repair. But how should you identify a structural issue and hard will it be to fix?
It’s not as scary as you think.
What causes foundation problems?
There are many types of foundation, but no matter the type, they all face similar stressors. Here are the three main reasons for foundation issues:
- Deterioration of stem walls
- Foundation settlement
- Foundation heave
Signs of foundation problems
It can be complicated to find the exact source, but start by looking for visible cues:
- Cracks on walls, floors, columns, and window and door openings
- Doors or windows that stick when you try to open or close them
- Bowing basement walls, where pressure from outside the walls has caused them to bend inward
- Sagging crawl space floors
- Leaning chimneys
- Sinking front porches and stoops
- Overall water intrusion or damage
How to fix foundation problems
If you have determined that there is a structural problem in your home you may first turn to a house inspector. Don’t just restrict yourself to a house inspector though. A report from a local engineer is not too expensive and can be extremely helpful.
How much does it cost?
Cost can vary depending on the problem, but they usually total around 3,500. Here are some other cost depending on what you are trying to fix.
- Fixing cracks: ranging from a few hundred dollars (e.g., $400 to $800) up to $2,000 to $3,000.
- Underpinning or lifting a sinking foundation: from $1,000 to $3,000 per pier (support)—the number and type of supports will depend on the foundation type and the extent of repair required.
- Major repairs: ranging from $3,500 on up to $10,000 or more, but can go as high as $20,000 to $30,000.
- A brand-new foundation can cost up to $40,000.